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ILO Arts Circle Virtual Exhibition 2021

Category : News

Introduction to the exhibition

The ILO Arts and Decoration Circle has been backed by the ILO Former Officials Section for many years. As well as generating artefacts and items of value, artistic activity also helps foster personal development.

Owing to the pandemic, the organization of exhibitions has been curtailed across the world. With the support of a number of Office departments, the Arts Circle has always staged an annual exhibition in the ILO Colonnades. The Circle hopes the exhibition will return there as soon as possible.

Some Circle members have expressed a wish to present their work in virtual form through the use of new technologies, though aware this can never replace a real exhibition. The format has the added advantage of enabling them to keep in touch with each other. Other members have stressed how difficult it is to be creative in a time of pandemic; we know how they feel.

See shots of Circle members’ creations on this web page.

François Kientzler
ILO Arts and Decoration Circle

Dr Vali Jamal, 1941-2021 – A Tribute

Category : Message68

We, in the African child rights and development community, are sad to learn of the death of Dr Vali Jamal, a top-notch development economist who cared about the poor and victims of injustice and poverty and one of the founders of the African Child Policy Forum (ACPF), the leading Pan-African child rights policy and advocacy centre based in Addis Ababa.

Vali had a distinguished academic background and a successful professional career. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and studied at Stanford University where he earned a PhD in Economics. He spent most of his professional life in the ILO, advising and writing on employment and poverty issues. He joined the ILO as an expert on employment in what was then known as the Jobs and Skills Programme for Africa (JASPA), which was based in Addis Ababa and where I first met him. He later served in various capacities mostly in the World Employment Programme as Senior Economist, with a short stint at the East Asian Multidisciplinary Advisory Team (EASMAT), based in Bangkok, where I was Director. A down-to-earth economist, Vali was always interested in what mattered for poor people and the impact of macro- economic policy on their lives. He was passionate about social justice.  His major preoccupation in economics remained equity, the sharing of the benefits of growth and its impact on income inequality.

Vali was an excellent writer and a meticulous stylist. He was almost never pleased with what he wrote, as a result he seldom let go and I have had, on several occasions, to snatch his drafts from his hands or his desk when he was away. Even so he was a prolific writer. His work covered poverty, inequality, and labour markets in such diverse economies as Somalia, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, and Vietnam, to mention only a few. A list of the publications which he authored or co-authored would include: “Farewell to Farms: De-Agrarianisation and Employment in Africa”; “Structural Adjustment and Labour Markets in Africa”; “Africa Misunderstood, Or Whatever Happened to the Rural-Urban Gap?”; “Tunisia: Rural Labour and Structural Transformation”; “Nomads, Farmers, and Townspeople: Incomes and Inequality in Somalia”; and “Vietnam: Labour and Social Issues in a Transition Economy”.

After he left the ILO, after some 25 years of service, we worked together in the conceptualisation and design of a Pan-African child rights policy and advocacy organisation which later came to be known as the African Child Policy Forum (ACPF). He, along with Stefan van der Swaluw from Plan Nederland, subsequently joined me in Addis Ababa to build the foundation and architecture of this organisation and to make it operational. Vali, Stefan and I worked as a very close and tight team, and what became of ACPF was as much due to his effort as to the rest of us. He worked at ACPF for two years, 2003 to 2004 when he decided to move back to his beloved Uganda.

Vali was a passionate Pan-Africanist. He called himself and often signed off as “Kenya citizen and Uganda resident”. He lived his last years in Uganda where he was engaged in a monumental study on Ugandan Asians with a special – though not exclusive – focus on their expulsion in 1972. This book Ugandan Asians: Then and Now, Here and There, We Contributed, We Contribute documents the expulsion of Asians from Uganda in their own words and using archival material. He worked on that book for over 12 years until his death. This book was extremely important for him as one can see from the way he described it. According to Vali – who was good not only with words but also loved numbers – this magnum opus was “2,440 pages, had 10,000 images, 2m words-equivalent, total weight 11.9 kg the equivalent of 75 books!” And never one to miss the opportunity to make a good joke, he calculated the cost to be “US$220,000 – book only; equipment (2005 desktop, no printer, no generator); 25 digital prints periodically; 1 designer ($15 per day), 2 workers. No rent as done from home.”

The significance of this work can be seen from the quotes in the write-up on the cover of the book. President Museveni called it, “A national asset in Uganda’s commercial diplomacy”. “Encyclopaedic, unequalled, an intellectual asset”, according to Makerere University Chancellor Professor Mondo Kagonyera.  “A contribution to Uganda’s intellectual GDP”, according to the Governor of the Bank of Uganda Professor Emmanuel Tumusiime-Mutebile.

Vali died just as the book was being reviewed for publication. I hope we will see it published. It is an enormous contribution to the political, economic and cultural history of East Africa, to the study of the role of migrants in social history, and to the history of Empire at large.

Vali died on 11 July and his funeral took place on 13 July 2021 in his much beloved Kampala. I personally will miss his friendship; his love for ideas and good writing; his anger at injustice; his love of music especially his rendering of the Beatles or Aretha Franklin’s “Killing me Softly”; his sometimes almost insufferable mercurial temperament; and his love for Africa and Africans. He was a good man to the point of being almost childlike and naïve. Oh, such goodness!

May his soul rest in peace.

Assefa Bequele
Founder and Distinguished Fellow, African Child Policy Forum (ACPF)

Update of the return to the office (Geneva ILO headquarters) – 6 July 2021

Category : News

This communication provides an update on the plans for a progressive and safe return to the office of staff at ILO headquarters, which, as previously announced, will start on 2 August 2021.

The positive evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in the region, with reduced levels of contamination and broad access to vaccinations, has allowed further lifting of restrictions in Switzerland and neighbouring France.

I am pleased to say that this situation creates the conditions for welcoming a progressive return of all staff to office, in order to continue our full services under normal conditions of work, while ensuring a safe environment for all staff and visitors present in the building.

Organization of the return to office

All staff who have received medical clearance will return to office as of 2 August 2021, based on the following conditions.

  • The total number of people simultaneously present in the building at any given time will be limited to the maximum safe capacity that respects the requirements of the local health authorities.
  • All directors (D1 and above) will return to the office on a 100% basis.
  • All staff who need to be in the office to perform functions that cannot be done remotely, based on exigencies of the work, nature of the role and responsibilities, will also return to the office on a 100% basis.
  • Managers will need to apply transparency, fairness and equity in distribution of work among staff members performing the same functions and required to be present on site. Work schedules will be developed in consultation with the staff, taking into account the needs of the department or unit and periods of staff leave.
  • Additional staff in departments providing essential services and client support services on premises may be required to be present in the office on a full-time basis to support increased staff presence and activities in the building, to respond to emergencies and to work on projects requiring their presence. These colleagues will be contacted by their managers.
  • All other staff will return to office on a rotational basis, alternating 50% presence at the office and 50% teleworking, regardless of their role or grade. This includes staff in individual offices and staff in shared offices. Exceptionally, some staff in open space offices may be required to telework for more than 50% of the time.
  • Staff members who consider that they cannot work from home for personal reasons can request a return to the office on a 100% basis through HRD (
  • Staff currently authorized to telework out of the Geneva duty station will be required to return to it as soon as possible and no later than 13 September 2021.
  • Following the return to office on 2 August, the regular teleworking procedures as set out in IGDS 141 will apply to all staff at headquarters, taking into account the mandatory 50% teleworking where applicable. Any future adjustments to flexible working time are being negotiated through the established procedures with staff representatives.
  • Individual arrangements for staff presence and rotation, including the frequency of rotation, will be coordinated by department directors in consultation with staff. Further information and guidance to assist in this task will be provided to directors.

Medical clearance

  • Only staff who have received medical clearance will be authorized to return to office.
  • Staff who have not been cleared previously will receive a notification from MEDSERV asking them to inform MEDSERV confidentially about their status, using the online medical declaration portal. MEDSERV will review this information to determine if clearance to return to office can now be granted.
  • Staff who have been medically cleared but whose circumstances have changed should contact MEDSERV ( for advice.
  • All medical matters will be dealt with by MEDSERV on a strictly confidential basis.

Vaccination status 

  • The Office strongly encourages all eligible staff to be vaccinated against COVID-19. Vaccination will not be a condition for the return to office.
  • All staff will be invited to report their vaccination status confidentially to MEDSERV, using the online medical declaration portal. This reporting is not mandatory, but staff are encouraged to do so. The aggregated data will help inform safety measures as we go forward. A separate communication will be issued with further information.

Safety and health measures

  • The highest priority will continue to be given to the safety, health and well-being of staff. As has been the case throughout the pandemic, comprehensive safety and health measures will continue to apply at the headquarters building, and staff are expected to follow the indications on the signage on offices and meeting rooms carefully.
  • Please remember that you should continue to follow physical distancing and hygiene guidance, wear a mask in all common and shared areas, and that you should stay at home if you feel unwell. These measures will continue to apply even if you have been vaccinated against COVID-19.
  • Further updated details on the safety measures in the building, including special arrangements for the meeting rooms, cafeteria and car parks, will be available on the intranet.

The Office will continue to monitor the situation carefully, in consultation with the WHO and the other Geneva-based UN agencies.

We thank all staff for your continued commitment and will keep you fully informed of progress as we enter this new and welcome phase.

Greg Vines


Webinar recording: Your health insurance during COVID-19 – 6 July 2021

Category : Message68

The Staff Health Insurance Fund (SHIF) team share an update on SHIF services, coverage and medical expenses dur​ing the COVID-19 pandemic.

Reply of the ILO HRD Director (16 June 2021) to the letter of the Bureau of the Former Officials Section

Category : Message68 , News

Dear Mr Kientzler,

I refer to your letter of 9 June 2021 and would like to start by thanking you for the role that you and the Bureau of the Former Officials Section have played and continue to play in the context of the current pandemic. Your efforts and initiatives to facilitate contacts between the Office and the community of former officials have been much appreciated, especially in this difficult context.

We look forward to welcoming you and all former colleagues to the Office as soon as possible. However, unfortunately, we are not yet at the end of the tunnel. The policy measures taken in the wake of Covid-19, including widespread access to vaccination, have significantly improved the situation, but the pandemic remains.

The ILO’s senior management continues to monitor the Covid-19 situation closely and to make decisions based on the local epidemiological situation, the recommendations of the WHO and the host country and in consultation with other UN agencies. As always, the Office gives the highest priority to the safety and health of staff and visitors, including our former colleagues.

The latest decisions by the Swiss authorities confirm the gradual reopening in the country. However, teleworking continues to be recommended, and an increased return to the office is only possible under strict, specific conditions, including weekly testing of all staff who are present, reflecting the ongoing risks associated with the pandemic.

Taking all these factors into account, the Director General has decided to maintain the existing restrictions on access to the headquarters building. In addition, mandatory teleworking will continue to apply to all ILO headquarters staff until 2 August 2021.

During the interim period, the Office will develop updated policies and plans guiding the return to the office which will be communicated to all staff. As part of these arrangements, I anticipate that it will be possible to grant access for you yourself to work in the Section’s office, as was the case during the partial return to the office in 2020. However, due to the planned occupancy limitations, which are required for security and health purposes, it is unlikely that access will be granted to other members of the Bureau, with the exception of a deputy able to visit the office in your absence. In any case, these aspects will be considered in more detail once the new back-to-the-office policies are implemented.

With regard to the other issues you have raised, I would like to provide the following clarifications.

Regarding the entry badges of former officials, I confirm that the expiry date indicated on the badge does indeed remain in force. Therefore, when – and only when – the office premises are open to external visitors, badge holders will have to go to the accreditation office to have their badges renewed. For your own badge, renewal can be arranged during one of your visits to the office, as mentioned above.

As for communications sent out by the SHIF, I would like to confirm that, as already explained by the Fund’s Executive Secretary, all relevant information has continued to be distributed in hard copy by post to all retired insured members. In this connection, I wish to take this opportunity to ask for your help in continuing to promote the use of SHIF Online within the pensioner community, as this tool can greatly improve the level of services they get from the SHIF as well as the speed of their reimbursement. I would also like to inform you that an English-language webinar dedicated to reimbursements will be organized by the SHIF on 1 July at 2pm (CEST) for all insured members (active and retired) to explain the measures taken by the Fund in the context of the pandemic. Invitations will be sent out in due course and I count on your cooperation in encouraging the pensioner community to attend this important event, where they will have the opportunity to ask the SHIF team specific questions.

Regarding the reception for retired officials, I have taken note of your request and would like to assure you that the Office will continue to organize this event as usual, as soon as the health situation returns to normal and the premises of the Office can be safely used to hold large-scale meetings and events. Based on the current situation, however, it does not seem likely we can envisage organizing such an event before the end of this year.

With regard to the pre-retirement seminar, I would like to inform you that this activity was organized for ILO staff in autumn 2020 in virtual form and with a very reduced programme. In the spring of 2021, the seminar was again organized in virtual form in cooperation with UNOG and other agencies, and we are planning to offer our staff additional sessions this autumn. We will keep you informed of the dates of these sessions.

I would also like to thank you for the assistance provided by the Bureau of the Former Officials Section on matters relating to the Pension Fund. Owing to the closure of the UNJSPF premises, the ILO Pension Unit is receiving a growing number of enquiries from retired officials and their families, which we are unable to answer. It is therefore of the utmost importance to inform the pensioner community that enquiries concerning the Pension Fund for former ILO staff members, retirees, beneficiaries, survivors and family members should be addressed to the Pension Fund’s offices in Geneva or New York and that the ILO Pension Unit is not in a position to deal with their after-service pension issues.

In conclusion, let me assure you that the Office remains committed to a strong partnership with the Bureau of the Former Officials Section. We just need to be patient and continue to follow strict security measures to overcome the challenges of the pandemic together without placing any of our colleagues or former colleagues at risk, in order to return to a normal working environment as soon as possible. During this period, my team and I remain at your disposal for any virtual discussion and exchange of information you may require.

Yours sincerely,

André Bogui, Director

Broadcast ILO 1 June 2021

Category : News

This communication provides an update on plans for the return to office of staff at headquarters.

As previously announced, the Office continues to prepare for the return of all Geneva-based staff to office as soon as conditions allow.

COVID-19 policy measures, including the widespread access to vaccination, have brought significant improvements to the situation, but the pandemic remains present. 

The ILO senior management continues to monitor the COVID-19 situation carefully and to make decisions based on the local epidemiological situation and recommendations of the WHO, the host country and in consultation with other UN agencies. As always, the Office gives highest priority to ensuring the safety and health of staff.  

The latest decisions by the Swiss authorities confirm the progressive reopening of social and economic activity in the country. However, teleworking continues to be recommended, and an increased return to office is only possible with specific strict conditions, including the weekly COVID testing of all staff present, reflecting the ongoing risks associated with the pandemic.

Taking all factors into account, the Director-General has decided that mandatory teleworking will continue to apply to all staff at ILO headquarters until 2 August 2021.

During the interim period, updated policies and plans guiding the return to office will be finalized and communicated to all staff. 

The ILO senior management will review the situation again in late June or when new information becomes available. 

Regardless of the teleworking status at headquarters, managers are requested to encourage staff to finalize plans for summer leave in a coordinated manner to ensure business continuity.

On behalf of the Director-General, I would like to thank all staff for their flexibility and understanding as we adapt together to an evolving situation and prepare for this new phase in our response to the pandemic.

Greg Vines


In memory and in the form of a tribute to Jean-Jacques Oechslin (French version)

Category : Message68

En souvenir et en forme d’hommage à Jean-Jacques Oechslin par Jean-François Retournard, Mars 2021, pendant le troisième confinement.

Note de l’auteur : Jean-Jacques Oechslin dont nous publions un portrait ci-dessous fut Président du Groupe des employeurs pendant de longues années et à ce titre Vice-président du Conseil d’administration de 1979 à 1998 puis Président de ce même conseil en 1995-1996 et enfin élu Président de la CIT en1998.

L’auteur est un ancien fonctionnaire du Bureau affecté au Bureau des activités pour les employeurs dont il fut le directeur pendant quelques années. A ce titre il collabora étroitement avec Jean-Jacques Oechslin.

Le 28 juin 2017, Jean-Jacques Oechslin nous quittait. Il est plus que temps que ceux qui ont eu l’honneur de travailler avec lui, et j’ai eu la chance d’être de ceux-là pendant toute ma vie professionnelle, lui rendent l’hommage qui lui est dû.

Il ne s’agit pas dans ces quelques notes de rappeler sa carrière et les responsabilités qui furent les siennes au patronat français, à l’OIT et à l’OIE.  C’est plutôt l’homme et ses qualités que je voudrais évoquer ici à grands traits.  Avec le recul, le relief apparaît plus nettement, notamment les grandes lignes de son action, les axes majeurs qui ont orienté sa vie professionnelle. Au service de l’Organisation, Jean-Jacques Oechslin a apporté ses grandes qualités personnelles et ses compétences professionnelles qui ne l’étaient pas moins.  Jean-Jacques Oechslin était un honnête homme au sens ancien du terme, pratiquant la modération en tout et en toutes circonstances mais sans faiblesse ni renoncement. Beaucoup de simplicité et de naturel avec une grande vivacité d’esprit, une curiosité intellectuelle toujours en alerte et un sens de l’humour jamais en défaut. Intègre et attentif aux choses et aux gens, persévérant sans être opiniâtre, il se connaissait bien et savait suivre son chemin. De la patience enfin et une capacité d’écoute nourrie du respect de ses partenaires et de ses interlocuteurs. Le portrait ne serait pas complet si on n’y ajoutait pas une grande fidélité en amitié et la capacité de nouer des liens avec des personnalités très différentes venues de tous bords et de tous horizons.

Il connaissait le français, le parlait clairement et l’écrivait avec exactitude et concision. Il n’avait pas oublié le latin de ses « humanités », ni le grec, suffisamment pour aimer la philosophie. Il pratiquait bien sûr l’anglais , déjà lingua franca de ce temps, mais aussi l’italien, l’espagnol sans oublier les grandes langues de culture que sont l’allemand et le russe.  Ce serait exagérer de dire qu’il pratiquait toutes ces langues avec aisance mais il en savait suffisamment pour apprécier ce qui se disait et se pensait avec ces mots. Nous étions bien loin du « globish » standardisé, unifié et obligatoire qui nous appauvrit aujourd’hui.

Il écrivait vite et bien, d’un jet et sans rature : « ce qui se conçoit bien s’énonce clairement et les mots pour le dire arrivent aisément ». Le texte avait été pensé avant d’être écrit.

 Avec toutes ces qualités, de grandes compétences : l’esprit de décision, le sens des responsabilités et des réalités ; une juste appréciation de la durée et du temps ; l’esprit tactique et le goût de l’initiative et de l’innovation. Je n’en donnerai qu’un exemple : la Déclaration sur les principes et droits fondamentaux au travail (juin 1998) qui, sans lui,  n’aurait jamais vu le jour.

J’ajouterai pour compléter et finir, un authentique esprit international. Ceci va bien sûr avec la curiosité intellectuelle, les connaissances historiques, humaines et culturelles et le respect des autres. Honnête homme, homme de bien, homme de culture, culture politique, historique, profondément humaine et humaniste sans oublier la dimension spirituelle discrète mais bien présente.

Tout ceci à l’évidence a posé quelques problèmes surtout quand on a commencé à confondre internationalisme et mondialisation. Aux bourrasques hivernales venues de l’Est a succédé un fort vent d’Ouest aussi tempétueux.  En voulant garder le cap, Jean-Jacques Oechslin s’est trouvé ou plutôt a été mis en porte-à-faux, parfois avec ses amis même dans son Groupe (trop souvent), assez rarement avec les travailleurs sauf quand il le fallait, par rapport au Bureau fréquemment,  mais jamais par rapport à l’Organisation et à ses valeurs.

Ce sont justement ces valeurs qui ont permis à Jean-Jacques Oechslin de garder le cap, des valeurs qu’il a servies avant qu’il ne soit expédient d’en parler.

Quels furent ses combats ?

La défense de la démocratie et de l’économie de marché qui devaient se conforter mutuellement et marcher d’un même pas, combat minoritaire à l’époque et que beaucoup trouvaient illégitime, y compris au sein de l’Organisation et du Bureau.

Défense de la liberté d’entreprendre et de la liberté dans toutes ses composantes, au premier rang desquelles se rangent la liberté d’organisation et la liberté syndicale.  Je mentionnerai ici à titre d’exemple l’interminable débat sur la structure et les attaques très dures du bloc communiste et de ses compagnons de route contre l’autonomie du Groupe des employeurs. Jean-Jacques Oechslin était en première ligne et si ces combats n’avaient pas été gagnés, les bases mêmes du Tripartisme disparaissaient.

Autre exemple : son attachement au Comité de la liberté syndicale dont il a été membre tant qu’il a été Président du Groupe. Il considérait ce mandat comme sa responsabilité la plus éminente.

Défense et illustration mais aussi pratique du Tripartisme et du dialogue social (on pense ici au rocher de Sisyphe) pour lesquels il a su trouver et pu compter sur des appuis indispensables tant au Bureau que chez les travailleurs. Rien n’aurait été toutefois possible sans le soutien permanent des responsables politiques du patronat français,  au premier rang desquels on doit citer François Ceyrac et Yvon Chotard (avant son avatar gouvernemental) avec l’appui indéfectible politique et humain de l’UIMM depuis 1919. Ces hommes d’envergure, très informés des réalités du monde, étaient sans illusion sur les manques et les faiblesses de l’OIT et du BIT mais ils ont constamment  gardé à l’esprit ce qui était le plus important, les grands enjeux que je viens de rappeler et donc le soutien que l’action de Jean-Jacques Oechslin à l’OIT devait recevoir.

Quels furent les grands axes de cette action ?

En premier lieu, je citerai la vision à long terme et la longue durée. Jean-Jacques Oechslin avait travaillé avec Pierre Waline qui fut Président du Groupe de 1953 à 1970 et qui avait participé à la première CIT en 1919 et à toutes celles qui ont suivi jusqu’à ce que lui-même prenne la relève. C’est dire qu’il avait une connaissance intime de l’Organisation sur la longue durée, indispensable pour mettre les actions dans leur juste perspective. Ceci était possible à l’époque  dans un monde plus stable et moins pressé, où les institutions étaient respectées et où on faisait « carrière » dans son métier.

A cela s’ajoutait une analyse politique solide, loin des émotions du moment et une vision globale de la  place et de l’action de l’Organisation dans la vie internationale tant sociale qu’économique et politique. Jean-Jacques Oechslin avait conscience que le monde d’avant la mondialisation n’était pas cloisonné mais articulé. Il ne séparait pas la politique sociale nationale du niveau régional (européen en l’occurrence) et international. C’était se heurter aux résistances de tous ceux, fort nombreux, qui ne raisonnaient qu’en fonction de leur environnement immédiat où qu’ils fussent placés et des contingences de l’heure. Cette ampleur de vues, ces convictions fortes et ces grandes qualités n’ont pas toujours été comprises,  surtout quand se sont affirmés le conservatisme étroit, les mirages insulaires et l’opportunisme utilitariste à courte vue qui a cru que son heure était venue dans un monde qu’on croyait pacifié.

Son engagement s’est poursuivi  même au-delà de ses fonctions,  puisque dès sa retraite, il a dépensé beaucoup d’énergie et de persuasion pour fonder en 2001 l’Association française pour l’OIT en dépit de résistances multiples et des lourdeurs bureaucratiques que chacun connaît.  Il faut aussi saluer, au moment de conclure, la contribution de son épouse sans qui rien de tout cela n’eût été possible. Elle sut non seulement accepter les charges que cet engagement signifiait pour elle et pour sa famille, mais partager ses idéaux et participer à leur réalisation.

Il faut arrêter là ce témoignage personnel. C’est un bien modeste et tardif tribut à l’homme qui a mis beaucoup de talent et d’énergie et pendant très longtemps au service de l’Organisation.  A tel point que j’en ai été parfois interloqué ou dubitatif. Son engagement était profond et désintéressé. Il rejoignait ses convictions les plus profondes. J’ai mis très longtemps à le comprendre mais aujourd’hui, avec le recul du temps, je puis dire que je les partage et je souhaite ardemment qu’elles servent au renouveau de notre Organisation et trouvent un écho et un relais dans les trois Groupes qui la composent et parmi mes anciens collègues.

Certains trouveront sans doute ce témoignage partial. Il l’est. Incomplet il l’est. Libre à chacun de le corriger ou de le compléter.

Tribute to International Civil Servants by the FAFICS

Category : News

In 2019, the Federation of Associations of Former International Civil Servants (FAFICS), on a proposal from the Association of Former UNESCO Staff Members (AFUS), enthusiastically accepted at the 48th Session of its Council that a Tribute to past and present generations of international civil servants be prepared at the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the United Nations and many other institutions of the United Nations system, including UNESCO. At the request of the AFUS, the drafting of the text was entrusted to it by FAFICS.

The preliminary document drafted by AFUS was communicated in January 2020 to the 63 Associations of the Federation whose contributions were incorporated into the Draft. On December 9, 2020, at the close of its 49th Council Virtual Session, FAFICS unanimously and by acclamation adopted the Tribute reproduced below.